Chicken Glossary

Everything you ever wanted to know about chickens and more......

Air Cell - the empty space between the white and shell at the large end of the egg.

Albumen - also known as egg white. Albumen accounts for most of an egg's liquid weight, about 67%. It contains more than half the egg's total protein, niacin, riboflavin, chlorine, magnesium, potassium, sodium and sulfur.

Alektorophobia - fear of chickens (which you will no longer have after reading this).

Bantam - (banty)- small chickens: not a breed.

Biddy - referring to a hen.

Blood spots - also called meat spots. Occasionally found on an egg yolk. Contrary to popular opinion, these tiny spots do not indicate a fertilized egg. Rather, they are caused by the rupture of a blood vessel on the yolk surface during formation of the egg or by a similar accident in the wall of the oviduct. Less than 1% of all eggs produced have blood spots.

Bloom - the moist coating that protects the freshly laid egg, it dries so quickly it is hard to see.

Brooding - when a hen wants to sit on the eggs she is broody.

Chalazae - two white cords on each side of a yolk that keep the yolk properly positioned within the egg white; singular: chalaza.

Cloaca - the chamber just inside the vent where the digestive, reproductive, and excretory tracts come together.

Clutch - a batch of eggs in a nest.

Cockerel - male chicken less than 1 year old.

Comb - part of the chicken: the fleshy material on the top of their head.

Crop - a pouch at the base of a chicken's neck that bulges after the bird has eaten.

Double Yoked Egg - is created when two ova are released from the ovary at the same time. Seem to be most common in earlier ages and in specific breeds (Rhode Island Reds).

Droppings - chicken manure.

Flock - bunch of chickens.

Freshness - Freshness of an egg depends on temperature and humidity factors. The ideal conditions are temperatures that don't go above 40°F. (4°C.) and a relative humidity of 70 to 80%.

Gizzard - an organ that contains grit for grinding up the grain and plant fiber a chicken eats.

Grit - grinding agent used in digestion: sometimes needs to be added to their diet if not free range.

Hens - adult female chicken.

Perch - chickens wrapping their toes around a branch or stick are said to be on a perch.

Pecking order - social ranking of a flock: they figure it out by size and temperament. There really is a pecking order! You will be able to tell by watching their actions!

Pullet - female chicken less than 1 year old.

Molt (Moult) - annual process of feather loss and re-growth.

Roost - where chickens return to each night: their home.

Spurs - horny protrusions on legs of rooster.

Vent - where the egg comes out of the chicken.

Wattles - dangly thing under the chickens chin.

PLEASE NOTE.................
IF YOU WISH TO BUY EGGS PLEASE RESERVE YOUR DOZEN IN ADVANCE (BEFORE STOPPING BY) WE SELL OUT RATHER FAST.

RESERVE YOUR EGGS